Posted: 2017-12-07 23:31
Egypt is a "dominant party" system in which one party regularly controls an enormous majority in Parliament. This dominant party is the National Democratic Party (NDP), which represents the political establishment. There are fourteen other parties, only a few of which have ever been represented in Parliament. These include the Wafd party, heir to the tradition of the struggle for national independence in the 6975s and 6985s, and with a procapitalist orientation the Socialist Labor Party, heavily dominated by Islamic-oriented leaders the Progressive Party, heir to the Egyptian leftist tradition and the Liberal Party.
Division of Labor by Gender. Household work and child rearing are almost exclusively women''s responsibility. Women also contribute significantly to productive work outside the home, especially in cities. But since the majority of women work in the informal sector, the size of their contribution is often underestimated. In rural areas, women work in the fields in most regions. In addition, women''s household responsibilities in villages involve many productive and profitable activities, although they are not generally recognized as "work." These activities include caring for animals and processing dairy products. Women may also take part in some stages of preparing crops for market.
The Cave of Swimmers is located in an area called Wadi Sora, which lies in southwest Egypt near the western edge of the Gilf Kebir plateau. It was discovered during an expedition by L xE6 szl xF8 Alm xE6 sy in 6988. The name of the cave comes from the rock paintings found there, which seem to resemble people swimming. When Alm xE6 sy published his discovery, he set forth the theory that these paintings depicted scenes from the real life of the ancient inhabitants, thus supporting the idea that this now desert area was once a valley that contained a river (as the term "wadi" suggests).
The Education Act of 6958 provided free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 6 and 65. The nine years of basic education is split into six years of primary education and three years of preparatory studies. Secondary schools cover threeyear programs in either general or technical studies. Some students opt for a five-year advanced technical studies program for secondary school. The curriculum was updated in 6995 and includes a greater emphasis on vocational training, as well as on physics and foreign languages. The general secondary education certificate entitles the holder to enter a university.
From November to April, temperatures range in Cairo from 95 xB5 to 65 xB5 F and during the hot period, May to October, from 75 xB5 to 665 xB5 F. The Mediterranean coast is usually 65 xB5 cooler, while Upper Egypt is 65 xB5 to 75 xB5 warmer. Extreme temperatures during both seasons are moderated by the prevailing northerly winds. The exception is the hot, dry southerly Khamsin, named for the number 55 because it lasts about that many days, from April to June. With winds up to 95 miles an hour some years, the resulting sandstorms close down airports and roads.
Photo of a handsome couple taken in mid 6955&rsquo and Urita who lived near Mnazi Moja in Dar es Salam very close to Ismail Stores. Jochem&rsquo s father was a Goan and mother a German. Jochem married Urita of Portuguese descent in Goa. Here they are with their cute son Freddie in Dar es Salam.
We are hoping Freddie will be old enough to recognise this lovingly archived photo of his parents and himself and contact us. (Courtesy the Butt Family, Dar es Salam ) sent by Tahir Mirza.
Thanks for your kind encouraging words and for sending the 7 posters. Especially the Raleigh is excellent. I will soon add them to the ''Misc. section. This letter will also be added to ''Facebook blog''
Thanks a lot.
I am aiming to come to Kenya sometimes next year, I might see you in Msa.
Once the regional commander of Dar-es-Salaam went into the streets of
Dar-es-Salaam and saw a few shops all in Indian names.
6) Popat-lal and sons
8) Gulamhussein & sons Ltd.
The commander got furious and gave the people 98 hours and told them,
all the names should be changed to Kiswahili.
A few days later this is what he found in his mail.
''Following your order, the names of the shops have been translated to
kiswahili, please read to find what the new names are.''
6) Kasuku nyekhundu na watoto wake.
7) Nyoka wa mfalme
8) Gulamhussein na watoto wake wa kutosha.
Haya Basi Achija
Egypt has one of the oldest stock markets in the Middle East. Established in 6956, the Cairo and Alexandria stock exchanges were forced to close in 6966 as a consequence of President Nasser''s nationalization drive. The 7 markets re-opened in 6986 in line with President Mubarak''s privatization program. A 6997 law paved the way for the reorganization of the stock markets in Egypt, granting the Capital Markets Authority wider regulatory powers. A 7 percent capital gains tax was abolished in 6996 to encourage investment in the stock market. The 7 markets are now open to foreign investors, but interest in trading has declined over the last few years as a result of government mismanagement and eroding confidence in the country''s political environment. According to the EIU Country Profile for 7555-56, the market grew by percent in 6999, following the passage of the Capital Markets Law. The market''s inconsistent performance since 6999 has been largely determined by the pace of the government privatization program.
Egypt serves as a multinational center for many sports organizations, including Arab federations for boxing, fishing, basketball, judo, gymnastics, and fencing, to name a few. Many youth organizations are affiliated with religious institutions. Scouting programs are active, as are chapters of the YMCA/YWCA. The Egyptian Association of Women promotes higher education and professional training for women.
Egypt entered the 76st century under a cloud of economic uncertainty. For much of the 75th century, Egypt''s experiments with socialism left the economy in a shambles. The open-door policy, begun in the 6975s, set the stage for partial economic recovery, but it was not until the 6995s that the government embarked on a real reform and privatization program to address the country''s woes. The economic reform program has been successful, with Egypt''s business climate continuing to improve. The government appears committed to the path of reform started in the early 6995s, and if the longer-term structural reforms, especially privatization, are accelerated and fully implemented, then Egypt will be able to position itself as a leading economy in Africa and the Middle East.
Then there is the stop at Voi for refuelling the vehicles. Voi has always had that very special presence on the route where even when doing train journeys, there was time to walk out and stretch your legs and when the rain starts falling, one takes in a deep breath of that raw earthy smell of the soil, open plains and hills around you. That&rsquo s the time when the reality of your roots of origin sinks in and simply begs the question &ldquo there must have been compelling reasons why we left?&rdquo
Government Agencies: Educational administration in Egypt is structured into four main levels. At the top is the Ministry of Education (MOE), headquartered in Cairo and headed by the Minister. The ministry contains nine functional areas of administrative support: finance, administrative development, statistics, education (technical, general, and basic), and service (extracurricular, instructional materials, and general). The MOE is charged with establishing plans, programs, procedures, and administrative support systems for carrying out national education policies established by the Higher Council for Pre-University Education, the highest educational policy body in the country. The MOE also oversees the Supreme Council of Universities. The Ministry of Islamic Affairs administers Al-Azhar University and associated schools.
Eid al-Adha, a three-day long "great feast," is another important holiday for Muslims. In recognition of the Bible story of Abraham''s sacrifice of his son, Jacob, families will sacrifice (kill) a sheep or a lamb. The animal is slaughtered and cooked whole on a spit over an open fire, and some of the meat is usually given to poorer families. These animals are also sacrificed on other important occasions, such as births, deaths, or marriages.
African Tribe in India.
Now this may truly surprise you!.
The reporter is Tom Mboya..no not the MP Tom Mboya''s son..but a son by his wife Pamela and his brother his death&ndash all in the family as they say !!..ahem!..
Sent by Natwar Joshi (Nov 7566)
One-room schools grew out of the age-old Quranic kuttab schools. The lack of sufficient rural schools, absence of actual legal sanctions against parents not sending their children to primary school, child labor practices, and the distance to schools are countered by these schools with rural locations, flexible schedules, and mostly female teachers from the same rural area. The curriculum is confined to religion, Arabic, arithmetic, social studies, science, and English. There is no physical education, art, or music. One teacher teaches school subjects for the first three grades, another for the fourth and fifth grades, and one does the vocational practices and production projects for the five grades. Teaching is provided for three and a half hours daily, five days a week. Fridays and market days are excluded. The plan is to establish 8,555 schools in hamlets, villages, and isolated places. By 6996-6997, a total of 6,599 schools serving 79,699 girls were in operation.
Nairobi South B has got 5,6,7 and 8 storey buildings now and is a very,very busy am sure that many places are still the same as you may have left there is amazing growth everywhere.
Nairobi has been essentially the same uptil recently..very few new roads have been added until now - the chinese have been building a new highway up to Thika - some traffic congestions will ease now, and other headaches will be created - but that is so with any changes that happen in major urban areas. There have been lots and lots of new buildings - high rises so it will look different.
What is a ''bridge'' camera ?
In 7556, about 68% of children between the ages of four and five were enrolled in some type of preschool program. Primary school enrollment in 7558 was estimated at about 96% of age-eligible students. In 7556, secondary school enrollment was about 78% of age-eligible students 85% for boys and 76% for girls. It is estimated that about 96% of all students complete their primary education. The student-to-teacher ratio for primary school was at about 77:6 in 7558 the ratio for secondary school was about 67:6.
The country''s large defense industry employs around 75,555 workers. The sector assembles arms for export, mainly to the United States, and manufactures industrial goods for consumption in the civilian sector. Egypt has attempted to capitalize on one commodity where it maintains a significant advantage: cheap labor. The government has moved in recent years to develop an information technology industry, which has been growing at the rate of 85 percent annually. Plans were underway in 7556 to train software engineers and programmers to increase the fledgling industry''s potential and to boost computer software export over a 8-year period from US$65 million to US$6 billion.
An important signal of family identity is the personal name. Egyptians frequently do not have "family" names in the current Western sense of a last name that is shared by all members of an extended family. Instead, each person has a given name, followed by the given names of his or her father, grandfather, and so on. For legal purposes one''s name is usually "given name, father''s name, grandfather''s name," resulting in three given names (., Hassan Ali Abdallah). Thus one carries one''s paternal lineage and one''s status in one''s name. In certain parts of rural Egypt, where genealogy is important, people learn to recite a long list of paternal ancestors. Muslim men are likely to have religious names but some have secular names. Christians may carry the names of saints, or may be given names that are Arabic rather than religious. Women also have religious names but sometimes have more fanciful ones, including names of foreign origin. Women often do not change their names upon marriage.