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Punjabis - Introduction, Location, Language, Folklore

Posted: 2017-12-07 09:00

Paranda is a hair accessory worn by women in Punjab to make their long tight braid beautiful. It has beautiful mirror and beads tassels at the end. With long hair you just need to braid it along with your hair and for short hair you 8767 d need extensions. I swear by these, parandas/parandis makes you look like a pure punjabi girl in a matter of seconds. I love how they move when we dance. There is a whole new girly variety in the market in so many colors. I rather go for a golden or silver one as per undertones of my suit. But hey, that 8767 s just me, all those alluring colorful parandas are waiting for you.

6Tips to Get a Punjabi Chic Look

In spite of overall prosperity, problems exist among the Punjabis, ranging from alcoholism in rural areas to unemployment in the cities. Illiteracy (the inability to read and write) is still high in villages, especially among women. Punjabis who have migrated from rural areas to cities are cut off from the ties and support system of their families and their village communities. If they do find work, it tends to be in low-level office jobs.

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The Punjab is an agricultural region. Punjabis, whether in India or in Pakistan, share the agrarian (farming) social structure based on caste that is found throughout southern Asia. The Jats , who are mainly landowners (zamindars) and cultivators, are the largest caste in the Punjab. Other agricultural castes include R a jputs, Arains, Awans, and Gujars. Among the lower-ranked service and artisan castes are the Lohars, Tarkhans, and Chamars.

Households usually have comfortable furniture, ceiling fans for the hot summers, and conveniences such as telephones, radios, televisions, and even refrigerators. Many farmers have tractors. Scooters and motorcycles are common, and the wealthier families have cars and jeeps. Punjabis have one of the highest standards of living in Pakistan. However, some areas lack the transportation infrastructure and some other developments seen in the rest of the province.

Punjabis have a rich mythology and folklore that includes folktales, songs, ballads, epics, and romances. Much of the folk tradition is oral, passed on through the generations by traditional peasant singers, mystics, and wandering gypsies. Many folk tales are sung to the accompaniment of music. There are songs for birth and marriage, love songs, songs of war, and songs glorifying legendary heroes of the past. The Mahiya is a romantic song of the Punjab. Sehra Bandi is a marriage song, and Mehndi songs are sung when henna (a red dye) is being applied to the bride and groom in preparation for marriage.

In the past, Punjabis found much of their entertainment and recreation in their traditional sports and games, in religious fairs and festivals, and in their rich tradition of folklore and folk culture. They had their songs, romantic epics, folk dances, and castes of traveling entertainers. This has changed in recent times with the increasing popularity of radio, television, and movies. Soundtrack music is popular, and the Indian Punjab even has a small film industry producing feature films in the Punjabi language.

Women wear the salwar (baggy pants drawn in at the ankles) and kamiz (tunic), along with the dupatta (scarf). Sometimes a ghaghra, a long skirt dating back to Mogul times, replaces the salwar . Ornaments decorate the hair, rings or jewels are worn in the nose, and earrings, necklaces, and bangles are popular.

The standard clothing for men in the rural Punjab is the kurta, tahmat, or pyjama, and turban. The kurta is a long shirt or tunic that hangs down to the thighs. The tahmat is a long piece of cloth that is wrapped around the waist and legs like a kilt. The pyjama , from which the English word "pajamas" is derived, is a pair of loose-fitting trousers. Turbans are worn in various styles in different areas and by different groups. Among farmers, the turban is a relatively short piece of cloth, about three feet (one meter) in length, and is wrapped loosely around the head. The formal Punjabi turban, worn by men of social standing, is much longer, with one end starched and sticking up like a fan. The Sikhs favor the peaked turban. Locally made leather shoes complete the outfit. During the winter a sweater, woolen jacket, or blanket is added. Men wear rings, and sometimes, earrings.

When India and Pakistan were separated in 6997, Hindus and Sikhs fled Pakistan for India, while Muslims sought a home in Pakistan. Armed conflict at that time among Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims left as many as one million people dead. Today, Punjab Province in Pakistan is 97 percent Muslim and 7 percent Christian, with small numbers of Hindus and other groups. Sikhs account for 66 percent of the people in India''s Punjab State, while 87 percent are Hindu, and 6 percent each are Muslim and Christian. Small numbers of Buddhists, Jains, and other groups are also present.

Women are expected to marry and have children as their main role in Punjabi society. Marriages are arranged by the parents of the boy and girl, and each community follows its own marriage rituals and customs. Among Muslims, for example, the best match is thought to be marriage between first cousins. The Muslim marriage ceremony is called the Nikah . The girl is given a dowry, which she keeps as her property.

Modern sports such as soccer, cricket, and field hockey are widely played and watched. Punjab State in India has a government department that organizes and promotes sports and athletics, and the National Institute of Sports is located at Patiala. Punjabis are well represented in Indian national sports teams. In Pakistan, too, Punjabis have a strong presence on the country''s national sports teams.

The religious variety of the Punjabis reflects the Punjab''s long and varied history. Early Hinduism took shape in the Punjab, Buddhism flowered in the region, and followers of Islam held political power in the area for nearly six centuries. Sikhism had its origins in the Punjab, where Sikh states survived until the middle of the twentieth century. The British annexed the Punjab in the nineteenth century and introduced Christianity to the region. Thus Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Christianity are all represented among the Punjabi peoples.

The accessories you gonna rock with your punjabi suit are these matching earrings and tikka sets. Even if your suit is simple, this kind of set will make you look amazingly attractive. There is such a huge variety of designs kundan, polki, pearly, multi colored beeds and more. Just get into any imitation and artificial jewelry market, there are tons of these. You just need to get your hands on the perfect one meant for your face shape. Don 8767 t forget to try many before settling on one.

For Hindus, it is important that a child be born at an auspicious (lucky) time. A Brahman priest is consulted. If he judges the time of birth to be unfavorable, special ceremonies are held to prevent any harmful effects. In the past, a mother had to stay away from other people for forty days after giving birth, but this custom is disappearing. The ritual shaving of the child''s head is usually performed during the first five years of the child''s life.

Caste or jati, is the most important social grouping among Punjabis. It defines social relations, possible marriage partners, and often jobs as well. Castes exist even among Muslims and Sikhs, whose religions condemn the caste system. Castes are divided into numerous gots, or clans. One cannot marry within the gots of one''s four grandparents.

Heera Ranjha and Mirza Sahiban are folk romances known in every Punjab household. Wandering Sufi (Islamic mysticism) clergymen are well known in the Punjab for their poetry and music. They contributed a verse form that became special in Punjabi literature. The mixture of Hindu, Sikh, and Muslim themes in Punjabi folklore mirrors the presence of these religious traditions in the region.

The family is the basic unit of Punjabi society. The joint family is most common sons and their wives and children, plus any unmarried adults, live in the household of their parents. The men oversee the agricultural or business activities of the family. Women, directed by the mother-in-law or senior wife, see to the running of the household, the preparation of foods, and the care and raising of children. Among peasant farmers, women as well as men do the agricultural work. Both men and women in the laboring castes work for hire, as agricultural workers or at other manual labor.

Alhough Punjabis never developed any classical traditions of dance, they are known for several forms of folk dance. These are usually performed at religious fairs and festivals or at harvest time. The most famous is the Bhangra , which is performed to celebrate a marriage, the birth of a son, or a similar event. men of the village, dressed in brightly colored clothes, gather in a circle around a drummer who beats out the rhythm of the dance. Moving around the drummer, slowly at first, then faster as the tempo of the drum quickens, they dance and sing with great abandon. The Giddha is a dance for women and girls. Jhumar , Sammi , Luddi , and the sword dance are all popular folk dances of the Punjab.

This is what you notice whenever you enter a Punjabi get together. We love our bright colors like our bright and always-smiling personalities. We all know the color block fashion, apply that to your search for a salwar-suit. I, either go for a no sleeves sexy look or an elegant quarter sleeves for my kurti, which is always above the knees in length. For salwar, go for a patiala or semi-patiala if you are not comfortable with that much flare. You are going to get tons of compliments with this color block ethnic punjabi look.

Both Indian and Pakistani Punjabs have a tradition of education, with many institutions of higher learning. The University of the Punjab and the University of Engineering and Technology are located in Lahore, Pakistan. Among the institutions of higher learning in the Indian Punjab are Punjab University in Chandigarh, Punjabi University in Patiala, and Guru Nanak University in Amritsar.

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