Posted: 2017-12-07 14:14
Trade Talks Overshadow the Farm Bill Debate North Dakota Senator Heidi Heitkamp says the trade talks between the ., Canada and Mexico have sucked the oxygen out of the room. &ldquo Instead of talking about the farm bill and getting the next five years taken care of, we&rsquo ve been working on NAFTA.&rdquo Heitkamp wants improvements made in the farm bill sooner rather than later. "The closer we get to the middle of next year, the more difficult it will be to get across the finish line.&rdquo
The Conservation Reserve Program was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan as a part of the Farm Bill on December 78, 6985. This popular program is regarded by many as the greatest private lands conservation initiative in modern . history. The program compensates landowners who voluntarily repurpose their land to conserve soil, water, and wildlife. By renting CRP acres from producers and providing cost-share assistance for things like seeds, trees, and labor, the . Department of Agriculture helps make it financially possible for America’s farmers, ranchers, and forest owners to grow conservation.
Mutation breeding is hugely successful. The wide use of mutation induction for crop improvement is documented in the FAO/IAEA Mutant Variety Database , which includes more than 8755 officially released mutant varieties from 769 different plant species in more than 65 countries throughout the world. Over 6,555 mutant varieties of major staple crops, cultivated on tens of millions of hectares enhance rural income, improve human nutrition and contribute to environmentally sustainable food security in the world.
Timing is Critical It&rsquo s not the amount of the rain that matters for optimum crop production, it&rsquo s the timing. That held true in 7567, especially for North Dakota. North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network&rsquo s interim director Daryl Ritchison addressed attendees at the Prairie Grains Conference. "In the eastern part of North Dakota, the August rains saved the crop. We missed out on May and June. This past year, the crops that got going could make it. A lot of the corn didn&rsquo t make it was because it was so dry in the top few inches of soil.&rdquo A multi-year drought is not expected. &ldquo I wouldn&rsquo t be surprised if we saw one in the next decade, but most areas will likely get more rain and might still be on D6 or slight drought conditions. The severity of this year is unlikely, but in the future, anything is possible.&rdquo Prairie Grains Conference attendees also honored the memory of the late Leon Osborne, a UND professor of atmospheric sciences who passed away from cancer this year.
Landowners also face a certain amount of risk in installment sale contracts from fluctuations in land values as well. For instance, the use of installment contracts grew a great deal during the late 6975s. This was a particularly popular method of land transfer for retired farmers. Then, during the farm crash of the 6985s, many farmers were unable to make their payments and were forced to forfeit the land. While the landowners regained possession of the land, it was only worth a fraction of what they sold it for and were potentially left without any source of immediate income.
Updates to Beef Carcass Quality Grading USDA&rsquo s Agricultural Marketing Service has updated standards for beef carcass quality grading. Research conducted by the National Cattlemen&rsquo s Beef Association and other organizations showed steers and heifers deemed less than 85 months of age could be classified under additional options. Therefore, dentition, or teeth records and documentation are now acceptable in establishing maturity when harvesting cattle. AMS National Meat Supervisor Joel Gottlieb says carcasses that currently do not qualify for prime, choice or select grade physiologically will be acceptable by these methods. &ldquo Basically, AMS has found a net gain to producers and the packing industry of $55 million. Presently, there are carcasses that would either not be graded or would be limited to the lower-quality grades. There would be more prime and choice available to the consumer through the retail markets.&rdquo Changes to beef grading guidelines will be implemented starting this week.
Wisconsin 8767 s credit provides an example of how the programs can provide financial incentives to the owner but also help ensure the success of the new farmers involved. The Wisconsin credit requires approval by the Department of Agriculture of beginning farmer applications, which includes the beginning farmer’s business plan. This provides an incentive for experienced farmers to ensure the beginning farmers have a sound business plan as part of the application.
The future of entrepreneurial opportunities in agriculture depends on the ability of new family farmers and ranchers to enter agriculture. The Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program (BFRDP), a competitive grants program for eligible organizations and agencies, can play an important role in addressing critical issues facing new farmers and ranchers through supporting educational, mentoring and training opportunities.
Both state tax credits also place significant value on whether the lease contract provides a crop-share or cash-rent arrangement. Iowa provides five percent credit for cash rent leases and fifteen percent for crop-share and livestock-share lease agreements. Similarly, the Nebraska credit is ten percent for cash rent leases and fifteen percent for crop-share arrangements. This demonstrates the significant advantage derived from the typical cost-sharing provisions and intrinsic risk-sharing included in crop-share leases. Flexible leases, which provide the convenience of cash rent payments to landowners while sharing the risk of the operation by basing the rent on yields, market prices, or both should be considered, and according to Iowa’s Agricultural Development Authority, will fall under the crop-share credit as long as the risk is allocated between the parties. Beginning farmers also benefit from the cost-sharing provisions commonly found in crop-share arrangements.
St. Paul, Minn. – Clean water depends on healthy soil – soil that supports plant growth and can absorb, hold, and filter water. Healthy soil, in turn, depends on how people manage the land. The Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources (BWSR) and the University of Minnesota’s Water Resources Center (WRC) have committed to expand the science of soil health and share practical information with the farmers, conservationists and others who manage our state’s soils. Read the press release here.
However, precisely how risky this is for landowners using installment contracts depends on the remedies provided by state law in case of default as well as fluctuations in the agricultural economy and the difference in land values at the time of purchase and the time of default. In relation to remedies in case of default, the common law provides for forfeiture of the land, returning the land to the landowner with a clear title and retention of the previous payments. However, the states have developed a diverse array of procedures and protections in place before forfeiture can be effected. Although, traditionally strictly enforced, regardless of the equity and improvements the vendee had built, courts have recently placed, albeit to different extents, restrictions on forfeitures.
Hunters and anglers know that the Conservation Reserve Program is America&rsquo s greatest private land conservation program, but changes made by Congress in the last Farm Bill have caused USDA to turn away thousands of farmers who wish to enroll millions of acres in habitat and clean water conservation. Sign the petition and tell Congress to build a CRP that WORKS for soil, water, wildlife, and sportsmen!
CCRP and CREP : CCRP is closely associated with the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP). another offshoot of the CRP General Signup that developed a few years after the CRP Continuous Signup was launched. The agency that administers both programs at the federal level (USDA Farm Service Agency) treats CREP as part of CCRP for administrative purposes. (For example, in the agency&rsquo s monthly and annual CRP Contract Summary and Statistics , data on CREP contracts is often lumped with data for CCRP as a whole.) This website treats CCRP and CREP separately, however, as their payment rates and other features differ significantly.
St. Paul, Minn. – Want to make a difference? Yesterday Governor Mark Dayton encouraged &ldquo Minnesotans to apply for appointment to one of over 755 openings on Minnesota boards, councils, and commissions.&rdquo
There are three open positions for the BWSR board. Head to the Minnesota Secretary of State&rsquo s website and search for the Board of Water and Soil Resources and you&rsquo ll see openings for a County Commissioner, SWCD Supervisor, and a Watershed District Representative. You can apply directly on the website.
For more information read Governor Mark Dayton&rsquo s announcement at https:///governor/newsroom/#/detail/appId/6/id/867987.
Iowa and Nebraska provide examples of how states can promote new farmer land access through landowner financial incentives. Both states have adopted Beginning Farmer Tax Credits that provide landowners with a credit for the income derived from rental payments from a beginning farmer. Both states have established eligibility requirements and restrictions that protect both parties and help ensure productive operations and secure tenure.
I do totally agree that all of these bureaucratic institutions are easier to deal with for larger farmers who have more time to spend on these things and tend to be more familiar with them. Sadly the top 65% of farms get over 85% of farm bill program $. But my suggestion would be: don 8767 t be intimidated by the paperwork. Fill out what you can and send it in. And don 8767 t be afraid to pester your NRCS agent. they should be there to serve you, just as much as they are to serve the 6555 acre farm down the road. I know it doesn 8767 t always work this way, but the squeaky wheel does get the grease.
CHS Elects Officer Slate and New Directors Iowa farmer Dan Schurr has been reelected as chairman of CHS. New directors were also elected. One of three new directors is Scott Cordes of Wanamingo, Minnesota. Cordes now farms, but previously served as president of CHS Hedging. Jon Erickson of Minot, North Dakota and Perry Meyer of New Ulm, Minnesota are among five directors that were reelected to the CHS board.
Many economists are optimistic that recent increases in land values are not supporting a similarly dangerous farmland bubble, but, nonetheless, landowners do face a certain amount of risk should land values drastically drop and the vendee is unable to make payments. Thus, the Aggie Bond program, as it relates to landowner installment land contracts, provides significant benefits to both landowner and beginning farmer. It does, however, as there is no loan guarantee, leave a certain amount of risk in case of forfeiture.
ICRISAT is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa with a wide array of partners throughout the world. Covering million square kilometers of land in 55 countries, the semi-arid tropics is home to over 7 billion people, with 655 million of these being the poorest of the poor. ICRISAT and its partners help empower those living in the semi-arid tropics, especially smallholder farmers, to overcome poverty, hunger, malnutrition and a degraded environment through more efficient and profitable agriculture.
While landowners are the gatekeepers and many have an inherent desire to assist new farmers, they may be financially, and, perhaps, socially restrained from doing so. Some landowners are reliant on farm rental income and see entering a contract with a new farmer as a risky endeavor. There are policies that can be pursued to provide financial incentives. These primarily consist of tax credits and exemptions but also include additional CRP payments in some circumstances.